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SORN = Statutory Off-Road Notification is a notification to tell DVLA that a vehicle isn’t being used on the road, it is valid until the vehicle is taxed, sold or scrapped.

MAM = Maximum Authorised Mass, means the weight of a vehicle or trailer including the maximum load that can be carried safely when it’s being used on the road.


When applying for you PCV licence for the first time your medical examination will include and eyesight test.

Partial blindness could prevent you from holding a bus licence.


When driving a vehicle in Europe you must carry your national driving licence.

Driver certificate of professional competence (driver CPC) requires 35 hours of training every 5 years to maintain it.


On a category D1 licence you can drive a vehicle with no more than 16 passenger seats, has a maximum length of 8 metres and tow a trailer up to 750kg.

On a category D1E licence you can do everything that comes with the D1 licence as well as tow a trailer over 750kg MAM. The combined MAM of both cannot exceed 12,000kg.

On a category D licence you can drive any bus with more than 8 passenger seats (with a trailer up to 750kg MAM).

On a category DE licence you can do everything that comes with the D licence as well as tow a trailer over 750kg.

You need a category D licence to be able to drive a tri-axle double deck coach.

You need a category D licence to be able to drive an articulated bus (bendy bus).


If you’ve been convicted of a drink drive offence and are banned from driving, your entitlement to drive all motor vehicles will be banned too.

If you’re disqualified from driving because of drink driving you will have to satisfy the driver and vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA) that you don’t have an alcohol problem.

The traffic commissioner has the power to impose conditions on a passenger carrying vehicle (PCV) licence.

There is no maximum fine for driving without insurance.


The current fine for each person illegally carried into the up is up to £2000.

If a driver is convicted of bringing illegal immigrants into the UK, the fine is calculated for each person they bring in.

Drivers and vehicle hirers can be fined for bringing illegal immigrants into the UK.

Vehicle operators can prevent the carriage of illegal immigrants by using an effective vehicle security system.

You must immediately show an immigration officer your operator documentation when returning to the UK and are about to board a ferry.

When returning from a European trip you should search the vehicle at the port to prevent the carriage of illegal immigrants.

Coaches may be subject to a search by immigration authorities at international ports for national security.

When making a journey that crosses international boarders you should provide a document with a list of passengers at immigration control.


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