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Drivers' Hours & Rest Periods

Updated: Sep 16, 2021


You have one week to repair an analogue tachograph on your vehicle if it becomes faulty.

An enforcement officer should sign the back of a replacement chart if he keeps one of your tachograph charts.

A vehicle fitted with an analogue tachograph which has two drivers both should be use their own tachograph chart.

A driver’s smart card normally covers 28 days.

A digital tachograph driver smart card is valid for 5 years.

If drivers break EU tachograph regulations, they can be heavily fined.

When using a vehicle fitted with an analogue tachograph you must carry enough approved charts.

If an enforcement officer keeps your analogue tachograph records, they should endorse the replacement charts with their name.

You should carry spare tachograph charts to replace the original chart if it gets dirty.

When making a journey with a co-driver when the other person is driving this should be logged as a break in daily driving.

A tachograph records driving time.

The mode switch on a tachograph is used to record other work.

Your vehicle is fitted with an analogue tachograph if you need to exceed the normal drivers’ hours due to an emergency you should continue using the same tachograph chart and write an explanation on the back.

When driving under EU tachograph regulations and you lose your smart card you must inform the relevant authority within 7 days.

If your tachograph card is lost or stolen you MUST contact the driver and vehicle licensing agency (DVLA) – you can get a replacement driver tachograph card from them.

A workshop card is the type of digital tachograph card which is used by an approved calibration centre when they’re recalibrating the tachograph.

The digital tachograph card which is only available to enforcement authorities is a control card.

Drivers must have a driver smart card for use in digital tachographs, you can obtain a replacement smart card in Great Britain from the driver and vehicle licensing agency (DVLA).

The driver’s employer is responsible for the issue of tachograph charts to a bus or lorry driver.

You can find out when an analogue tachograph was last calibrated from a plaque on or near the tachograph.

An analogue tachograph must be recalibrated every 6 years.

Your vehicle breaks down during a journey. You continue by driving in another vehicle with the same type of tachograph, you must take your tachograph chart with you and use it in the new vehicle.

An analogue tachograph must be checked at an approved calibration centre every 2 years.

At NO time are you allowed to alter your tachograph record.

Bus operators are required to use tachographs when the journey is more than 50km.


Under EU rules the maximum period of continuous driving (without taking a break) you can do is 4.5 hours.

Under EU rules your normal daily rest period should be 11 hours.

Under EU rules the normal weekly rest period that must be taken is 45 hours.

Under EU rules, the maximum driving time allowed in any two consecutive weeks is 90 hours.

After driving continuously for the maximum period under EU rules you must take a minimum break of 45 minutes.

Under EU rules the maximum driving time allowed is 9 hours extended to 10 hours on 2 days of the week.

Under EU rules the minimum daily rest is 11 hours, on three days of the week it can be reduced to 9 hours.

Under EU drivers’ hours regulations, a 45-minute break MUST be taken after 4.5 hours of driving, you can split it into one 15-minute break, plus one 30-minute break.

A driver is convicted of obstructing an enforcement officer in the course of their duties, under EU driver’s hours regulations there is an unlimited fine that can be given.

You’re driving under EU driver’s hours; a week is defined under these rules between 00:00 hours on Monday and 24:00 hours the following Sunday.

You’re driving a bus with 18 seats on an excursion from London to Scotland. You should use EU driver’s hours rules only.


If you get asked to leave your bus by an official who isn’t in uniform, you should ask to see a warrant card.

If you have to leave your vehicle unattended for a very short while you should secure the vehicle and lock the doors.

When a driver leaves their bus unattended, they should check that the parking brake is applied.


If you suddenly become tired while you’re driving on a motorway you should leave at the next exit and find a safe place to stop.

You can stop at a service station if you feel tired while you’re driving on a motorway.

Having insufficient breaks from driving is most likely to cause tiredness.

When you start to feel tired or unable to concentrate while you’re driving you should stop as soon as it’s safe to do so.

A driver may take their rest period in a parked vehicle if it’s fitted with a bunk.



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